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abandonment ( n )

1 :the act of abandoning property or a right: as

a :relinquishment by an inventor of the right to enforce a patent see also dedication

b :an author's relinquishment to the public domain of his or her copyrighted work

c :relinquishment of a trademark established by a failure to use the trademark and an intention never to resume use

d :the act of an insured in surrendering all rights to damaged or lost property to an insurer as a total loss compare salvage

e :relinquishment by a trustee in bankruptcy of interest in property in the bankruptcy estate often for a nominal sum

2 :the act of abandoning a person: as

a :failure to have contact with a spouse that is intended to create a permanent separation

b :failure to communicate with or provide financial support for one's child over a period of time that shows a purpose to forgo parental duties and rights

3 :the act of abandoning a contract

4 a :the act of abandoning a course of action (as a crime)

b :the affirmative defense (as recognized under the Model Penal Code) of voluntary withdrawal from the commission of a crime resulting from the actor's change of heart and not from intervening circumstances

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