A civil right is a right created by a governmental body. The right to free speech guaranteed by the First Amendment of the Constitution is an example of a civil right. Because this right is created by the federal or state government, it is a civil right. The rights that are most commonly referred to as civil rights involve the protections against discrimination on the basis of race, religion, gender or national origin. The most well-known statute protecting civil rights is the Federal Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race in places of public accommodation.