Government searches

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The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution gives people the right to be secure in their homes from unreasonable government searches. It is clear that the police cannot search a person’s home without a warrant. The rules surrounding searches and seizure may also apply to cars, offices and individuals walking down a street. Once a person is outside of his or her home, the expectation of privacy is significantly reduced and police are permitted to do more things. There are numerous exceptions to the general rule that protect people from unreasonable searches when a person is not in their home.