Generally, the topic of constitutional law applies to the interpretation and implementation of the provisions of the U.S. Constitution. The determination of the application and intent of the provisions of the U.S. Constitution is the responsibility of the federal courts, with the U.S. Supreme Court acting as the final authority on all matters related to the Constitution.
While the federal courts have sole jurisdiction of all questions related to the Constitution, including the application of the Commerce Clause, or the Copyright Clause, a significant percentage of constitutional law cases involve the construction of the first ten Amendments, known collectively as the Bill of Rights. Included among those rights are:
The other constitutional provision that the courts interpret on a regular basis is the 14th Amendment, which prohibits the states from abridging “the rights and immunities” of citizens without “due process of law,” and which also guarantees the “equal protection of the law”.
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