The Juvenile Court Process
In most instances, when a minor violates the law, the matter will be resolved in a special court known as a juvenile court. As a general rule, proceedings in juvenile courts are civil, not criminal. Accordingly, a juvenile will typically not be charged with a crime, but may be determined to be delinquent. If the juvenile court rules the minor to be delinquent, the minor becomes subject to the power of the court, and the court has a wide range of options to do what it considers to be in the best interests of the juvenile. Typically, the juvenile court will order some type of confinement, curfew, counseling, and/or probation.
The Different Types of Juvenile Cases
Juvenile offenses are generally categorized as:
Delinquency offenses.For violations that would be tried in a criminal court if committed by an adult, a juvenile may face a number of potential sanctions. For example, the officer dealing with the juvenile may choose to issue a warning, or may simply hold the juvenile until a parent arrives. The officer also has the authority to take the juvenile into custody and refer the case to juvenile court. If that happens, a prosecutor or juvenilecourt officer will become involved, making the decision whether to resolve the matter informally or with formal charges. Such a determination is usually based on a variety of factors, including:
Related GetLegal.TV Videos
- Nature of the offense;
- Any past record;
- Social history; and
- Perception that parents will be able to control the child’s behavior.
Status Offenses. The other type of juvenile offense is what is known as a status offense. This is an act that would not be a violation by an adult, but is only a violation because of the juvenile’s age. Examples include curfew violations, truancy, possession of alcohol or tobacco, and running away from home.
The modern trend has been to “deinstitutionalize” status offenses, so that juveniles do not face detention or incarceration, which can often be a breeding ground for more serious criminal behavior.
I often am asked by clients how they can avoid probate. In some situations, it is appropriate to tak…Read More 12 Jul 2019, Friday
What is the Hatch Act and How Did Kellyanne Conway Violate It?
Office of Special Counsel Calls White House Counselor a “Repeat Offender” and Calls for…Read More 25 Jun 2019, Tuesday
TEVA Pharmaceutical Settles Opioid Lawsuit Before Trial
Israeli Drug Company Agrees to Pay $85 Million A second major pharmaceutical company has decided to…Read More 28 May 2019, Tuesday